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EXCHANGE COMMISSION\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\b\qc Washington, D.C. 20549\par\pard\plain\brdrb\brdrs\sa44\cf1\f51\fs20\qc \~\par\pard\plain\sb66\cf1\f51\fs36\b\qc SCHEDULE 14A\par\pard\plain\sb66\cf1\f51\fs24\b\qc Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\b\qc Securities Exchange Act of 1934\par\pard\plain\brdrb\brdrs\sa44\cf1\f51\fs20\qc \~\par\pard\plain\sb66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Filed by the Registrant\~\~\u9746?\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~ Filed by a Party other than the Registrant\~\~\u9744?\par\pard\plain\sb66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Check the appropriate box:\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs6\ql \~ \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Preliminary Proxy Statement\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Definitive Proxy Statement\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9746?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Definitive Additional Materials\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Soliciting Material under \u167?240.14a-12\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx770\clvertalb\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}}\pard\plain\sb396\cf1\f51\fs44\b\qc AKEBIA THERAPEUTICS, INC.\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs20\b\qc (Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs36\ql \~\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs16\b\qc (Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs8\ql \~ \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\clvertalc\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh66 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\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx1290\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx1290\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (1)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (2)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh1101 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (3)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh1101\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (4)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (5)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Total fee paid:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh742 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \u9744?\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql or Schedule and the date of its filing.\cell{ {\trowd\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx10799\trrh742\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx1290\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx664\clvertalc\cellx1290\clvertalc\cellx10799\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh0 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (1)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Amount Previously Paid:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh0\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (2)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx664\clvertalb\cellx864\cellx1290\clvertalb\cellx1627\cellx10800\trrh854 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (3)\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Filing Party:\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\brdrb\brdrs\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\~\~\~\cell{ 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Vote\~\~***\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\b\qc Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\b\qc Stockholder Meeting to Be Held on June\~14, 2018\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs12\ql \~\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs4\ql \~\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs6\ql \~\par\pard\plain\sb440\cf1\f51\fs24\b\i\qc AKEBIA THERAPEUTICS, INC.\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs84\ql \~\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\ql\li22{\*\shppict{\pict\pngblip\picw250\pich67\picscalex75\picscaley75\bliptag-841463442 {\*\blipuid 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\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs144\ql \~\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\b\ul\qc Meeting Information\par\pard\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\b\ql Meeting Type:\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\~\~\~Annual Meeting\par\pard\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\b\ql For holders as of:\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\~\~\~April 20, 2018\par\pard\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\b\ql Date:\~\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\ql June\~14,\~2018\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\b\ql Time:\~\plain\li22\cf1\f51\fs18\ql 10:00\~AM\~EDT \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx100\cellx1400\cellx10436\trrh223 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\b\ql Location:\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~The offices of\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx100\cellx1400\cellx10436\trrh223\row}}} \pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql Akebia Therapeutics, Inc.\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223\row}}} \pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql 245 First Street\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223\row}}} \pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\~\~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql 14th Floor\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223\row}}} \pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs18\ql Cambridge, MA 02142\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx160\cellx1460\cellx10436\trrh223\row}}}\pard\plain\brdrb\brdrs\li66\ri66\sb264\cf1\f51\fs20\ql You are receiving this communication because you hold shares in the above named company.\par\pard\plain\li66\ri66\sb132\cf1\f51\fs20\ql This is not a ballot. You cannot use this notice to vote these shares. This communication presents only an overview of the\plain\li66\ri66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql more complete proxy materials that are available to you on the Internet. You may view the proxy materials online at\plain\li66\ri66\cf1\f51\fs20\i\ql www.proxyvote.com\plain\li66\ri66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql or easily request a paper copy (see reverse side).\par\pard\plain\li66\ri66\sb132\cf1\f51\fs20\ql We encourage you to access and review all of the important information contained in the proxy materials before voting.\par\pard\plain\li66\ri66\cf1\f51\fs4\ql \~\par\pard\plain\li66\ri66\cf1\f51\fs8\ql \~\par\pard\plain\brdrb\brdrs\li22\cf7\f51\fs22\b\ql See the reverse side of this notice to obtain proxy materials and voting instructions.\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~ \page\par\pard\plain\f0\fs4\par\pard\plain\f0\fs2\brdrt\brdrs\brdrw15\brdrcf2\brdrsp0\par\pard\plain\f0\fs4\par \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalc\cellx3143\clvertalb\cellx4395\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalc\cellx3143\clvertalb\cellx4395\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh1062 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs36\b\qc \u8212?\~\~Before You Vote\~\~\u8212?\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\qc How to Access the Proxy Materials\par\pard\plain\intbl\sa22\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh1062\row}}} {\trowd\cellx381\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx484\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh3428 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs8\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Proxy Materials Available to VIEW or RECEIVE:\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql 1. Notice\~&\~Proxy\~Statement\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~2. Annual\~Report\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql How to View Online:\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Have the information that is printed in the box marked by the arrow\par\intbl\ql\ri44{\*\shppict{\pict\pngblip\picw145\pich16\picscalex75\picscaley75\bliptag-841463442 {\*\blipuid 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\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (located on the following page) and visit:\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\i\ql www.proxyvote.com.\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql How to Request and Receive a PAPER or E-MAIL Copy:\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql If you want to receive a paper or e-mail copy of these documents, you must request one. 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\pard\plain\intbl\li176\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql (located on the following page) in the subject line.\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Requests, instructions and other inquiries sent to this e-mail address will NOT be forwarded to your investment advisor.\plain\intbl\ri44\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Please make the request as instructed above on or before May 31, 2018 to facilitate timely delivery.\cell{ {\trowd\cellx381\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx484\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh1827\row}}} {\trowd\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh1508 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs36\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs36\qc \u8212?\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs36\b\qc \~\~How To Vote\~\~\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs36\qc \u8212?\par\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs24\qc Please Choose One of the Following Voting Methods\par\pard\plain\intbl\sa22\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\cellx381\clvertalb\cellx484\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh1508\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx381\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx484\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh2735 \intbl\ql\li176{\*\shppict{\pict\pngblip\picw8\pich98\picscalex75\picscaley75\bliptag-841463442 {\*\blipuid 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\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs8\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Vote In Person:\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Many stockholder meetings have attendance requirements including, but not limited to, the possession of\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql an attendance ticket issued by the entity holding the meeting. Please check the meeting materials for any special\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql requirements for meeting attendance. At the meeting, you will need to request a ballot to vote these shares.\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Vote By Internet:\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql To vote now by Internet, go to\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\i\ql www.proxyvote.com.\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Have the information that is printed in the box\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql marked by the arrow\par\intbl\ql\ri44{\*\shppict{\pict\pngblip\picw145\pich16\picscalex75\picscaley75\bliptag-841463442 {\*\blipuid 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\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\ql available and follow the instructions.\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~\par\pard\plain\intbl\ri44\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Vote By Mail:\plain\intbl\ri44\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\ql You can vote by mail by requesting a paper copy of the materials, which will include a proxy card.\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx381\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx484\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx10799\trrh2735\row}}} \page\par\pard\plain\f0\fs4\par\pard\plain\f0\fs2\brdrt\brdrs\brdrw15\brdrcf2\brdrsp0\par\pard\plain\f0\fs4\par \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalc\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalc\cellx3205\clvertalb\cellx3455\clvertalc\cellx6900\clvertalb\cellx7020\clvertalc\cellx10357\clvertalb\cellx10477\clvertalc\cellx10792\cellx10797\trrh66 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalc\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalc\cellx3205\clvertalb\cellx3455\clvertalc\cellx6900\clvertalb\cellx7020\clvertalc\cellx10357\clvertalb\cellx10477\clvertalc\cellx10792\cellx10797\trrh66\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx366\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx3205\clvertalb\cellx3455\clvertalb\cellx6900\clvertalb\cellx7020\clvertalb\cellx10357\clvertalb\cellx10477\clvertalb\cellx10792\cellx10797\trrh264 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\b\qc Voting items\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx366\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrcf1\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrcf1\clvertalb\cellx3205\clvertalb\cellx3455\clvertalb\cellx6900\clvertalb\cellx7020\clvertalb\cellx10357\clvertalb\cellx10477\clvertalb\cellx10792\cellx10797\trrh264\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalb\clvmgf\cellx6901\clvertalb\cellx7021\clvertalb\cellx10358\clvertalb\cellx10478\clvertalb\cellx10793\cellx10798\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql The Board of Directors recommends you vote\par\pard\plain\intbl\sa22\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql FOR each director nominee:\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalb\clvmgf\cellx6901\clvertalb\cellx7021\clvertalb\cellx10358\clvertalb\cellx10478\clvertalb\cellx10793\cellx10798\trrh248\row}}} {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalb\clvmrg\cellx6901\clvertalb\cellx7021\clvertalb\cellx10358\clvertalb\cellx10478\clvertalb\cellx10793\clvertalc\cellx10794\clvertalc\cellx10795\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\f0\fs16\ql \~\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalb\cellx70\clvertalb\cellx190\clvertalb\cellx260\clvertalb\cellx366\clvertalb\clvmrg\cellx6901\clvertalb\cellx7021\clvertalb\cellx10358\clvertalb\cellx10478\clvertalb\cellx10793\clvertalc\cellx10794\clvertalc\cellx10795\clvertalc\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}}\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs24\ql \~ \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql 1.\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Election of Class I and Class III Directors\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}}\pard\plain\li132\sb132\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql Nominees\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs12\ql \~ \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh495 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql 01\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Michael D. Clayman \~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~02 Duane Nash \~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~03 Ronald C. Renaud, Jr. \~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~04 John P. Butler \~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~\~05 Muneer A.\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Satter\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh495\row}}} \pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh248 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql 06\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Michael S. Wyzga\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh248\row}}}\pard\plain\li66\sb264\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql The Board of Directors recommends you vote FOR the following proposal:\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs12\ql \~ \par\pard\plain {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh495 \pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql \~\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql 2.\cell\pard\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql Ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the company\u8217?s independent registered public accounting\plain\intbl\cf1\f51\fs20\ql firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018.\cell{ {\trowd\clvertalc\cellx323\cellx646\cellx10800\trrh495\row}}}\pard\plain\li66\sb264\cf1\f51\fs20\b\ql NOTE:\plain\li66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql The shares represented by this proxy when properly executed will be voted in the manner directed herein by the\plain\li66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql undersigned stockholder(s). If no direction is made, this proxy will be voted FOR the election of each director nominee in\plain\li66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql proposal 1 and FOR proposal 2. If any other matters properly come before the meeting or any adjournment or postponement\plain\li66\cf1\f51\fs20\ql thereof, the person(s) named in this proxy will vote in their discretion in accordance with applicable law or rule.\par\pard\plain\cf1\f51\fs96\ql \~\par\ql{\*\shppict{\pict\pngblip\picw8\pich98\picscalex75\picscaley75\bliptag-841463442 {\*\blipuid 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